echo Impossible|sed 's/Im/To be /'

August 17, 2002

[紀錄] Gentoo Linux 安裝實錄

發信人: lloyd (HUANG YU HSIN)    看板: linux
日期: Sat Aug 17 18:46:22 2002
標題: [紀錄] Gentoo Linux 安裝實錄
修改: Sat Aug 17 18:54:47 2002


我真的該去睡覺了,但是我無法按捺著內心的激動
如果我不稱現在寫下來,我一定會偷懶而不寫
而且再過幾個小時,也許我睡醒之後就無法紀錄下我現在的心情
雖然我現在還沒安裝完畢但(就快要好了)(14:30),
我實在是太感動了,你一定無法想像我是如何的他媽的感動..
來表達我此刻的心情。
真是宇宙無敵的變態級的偉大。
因為真的所有讚美的言詞都無法表達我內心的高興。

抓下來一個 16M 的 ISO 檔,我想恩好小的系統,應該跟 Debian 一樣
安裝好一個小系統然後上網抓檔案安裝(透過網路安裝)

光碟檔案內容
du -a
2       ./isolinux/boot.catalog
9       ./isolinux/isolinux.bin
1       ./isolinux/isolinux.cfg
1117    ./isolinux/kernel
1       ./isolinux/message.txt
7317    ./isolinux/rescue.gz
8448    ./isolinux
7962    ./stage1-ix86-1.2.tbz2
16412   .

開機之後..恩硬體偵測作的不錯能夠自動以 hardware screan 的方式
抓到我的網路卡。<--果然是網路安裝型

喔 busybox 喔還開了六個 console 。喔叫我看 install.txt ..
不錯嗎..有 telnet ifconfig route less fdisk 工具還真不少
這個小系統還真不賴。
nano <-- 這是什麼阿.. 喔一個小小的 全螢幕 editer..

以下就引用 install.txt 作為說明..因為我也是照著他 setup by setup 作的

細節請上他的網站看,我就我覺得重要的說明

  Code listing 1
# modprobe pcnet32
       (replace pcnet32 with your NIC module)
  Code listing 2
# modprobe aic7xxx
# modprobe sr_mod
# modprobe sd_mod
  Code listing 3
# insmod pcmcia_core
# insmod i82365
# insmod ds
# cardmgr -f
  modprobe the aic7xxx SCSI driver

Loading PCMCIA kernel modules

我網路卡直接就抓到了,我用 IDE 這些我都不用作了

5.Configure installation networking
  Code listing 5
# /sbin/ifconfig $IFACE $IPNUM broadcast $BCAST netmask $NMASK
# /sbin/route add -net default gw $GTWAY netmask 0.0.0.0 metric 1

我使用 static IP 設定網路

  Code listing 6: /etc/resolv.conf template
domain mydomain.com
nameserver 10.0.0.1
nameserver 10.0.0.2

設定 DNS 這時候 nano 就派上用場了..自己寫一個
nameserver 168.95.1.1

Network testing
Code listing 7: /sbin/ifconfig for a working network card
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:50:BA:8F:61:7A
         inet addr:192.168.0.2  Bcast:192.168.0.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
         inet6 addr: fe80::50:ba8f:617a/10 Scope:Link
         UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
         RX packets:1498792 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:1284980 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
         collisions:1984 txqueuelen:100
         RX bytes:485691215 (463.1 Mb)  TX bytes:123951388 (118.2 Mb)
         Interrupt:11
很好網路會動了!!!


6.Set up partitions
用 fdisk 切割一下硬碟吧,喔 devfs 還真不賴喔,自動就將 device 造出來了。真好
光碟上的 kernel 支援XFS, ext2, ext3 (journaling) and ReiserFS. 這四種檔案格式
OK!自己動手規劃一下硬碟分割吧

  Code listing 8
  # mkswap /dev/hda2
格式化 swap


  You can use the mke2fs command to create ext2 filesystems:
  Code listing 9
  # mke2fs /dev/hda1
格式化 ext2

  To create an XFS filesystem, use the mkfs.xfs command:
  Code listing 10
  # mkfs.xfs /dev/hda3
格式化 XFS

  Code listing 11
  # mke2fs -j /dev/hda3
格式化 ext3

  Code listing 12
  # mkreiserfs /dev/hda3
格式化 Reiserfs

  7.Mount partitions (掛上硬碟)

  Now, we'll activate our new swap, since we may need the additional
  virtual memory that provides later:

  Code listing 13
  # swapon /dev/hda2 啟動 swap

  Next, we'll create the /mnt/gentoo and /mnt/gentoo/boot mountpoints,
  and we'll mount our filesystems to these mountpoints.

  Code listing 14
# mkdir /mnt/gentoo
# mount /dev/hda3 /mnt/gentoo
# mkdir /mnt/gentoo/boot
# mount /dev/hda1 /mnt/gentoo/boot

反正你怎麼切就怎麼 mount

  8.Mounting the CD-ROM

  Even though we've booted from the CD-ROM, the CD-ROM itself is not
  mounted under our minimal Linux boot CD environment. We'll need to
  mount it so that we can access the compressed build image tarball
  contained on the CD-ROM. To mount the CD-ROM, one typically types:

  Code listing 15
  # mount /dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom -o ro -t iso9660
掛上光碟機 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 看看不錯吧 devfs 耶...


  9.Unpack the stage you want to use

  Code listing 16
# cd /mnt/gentoo
# tar -xvjpf /mnt/cdrom/stage?-*.tbz2
# mount -o bind /proc /mnt/gentoo/proc
# cp /etc/resolv.conf /mnt/gentoo/etc/resolv.conf
解開 stage1-ix86-1.2.tbz2 喔喔!!在安裝小系統了喔。
(非也非也這個說真的還稱不上小系統) 等一下說明。
掛上 proc
將 DNS 設定 copy 過去

4.0k    ./tmp
4.0k    ./var/tmp
4.0k    ./var/cache/edb/dep
16k     ./var/cache/edb
20k     ./var/cache
72k     ./var/db/pkg/sys-apps/baselayout-1.7.8-r1
76k     ./var/db/pkg/sys-apps
116k    ./var/db/pkg/sys-kernel/linux-headers-2.4.18
120k    ./var/db/pkg/sys-kernel
92k     ./var/db/pkg/sys-libs/glibc-2.2.5-r2
96k     ./var/db/pkg/sys-libs
60k     ./var/db/pkg/sys-devel/gcc-2.95.3-r5
60k     ./var/db/pkg/sys-devel/binutils-2.11.92.0.12.3-r2
124k    ./var/db/pkg/sys-devel
420k    ./var/db/pkg
424k    ./var/db
4.0k    ./var/run
4.0k    ./var/lock/subsys
8.0k    ./var/lock
4.0k    ./var/log/news
8.0k    ./var/log
4.0k    ./var/spool/locate
8.0k    ./var/spool
4.0k    ./var/lib/misc
8.0k    ./var/lib
488k    ./var
12k     ./etc/env.d
4.0k    ./etc/cron.hourly
4.0k    ./etc/cron.daily
4.0k    ./etc/cron.hourly
4.0k    ./etc/cron.daily
4.0k    ./etc/cron.weekly
4.0k    ./etc/cron.monthly
12k     ./etc/modules.d
16k     ./etc/conf.d
8.0k    ./etc/ppp
96k     ./etc/init.d
12k     ./etc/skel
4.0k    ./etc/runlevels/default
4.0k    ./etc/runlevels/boot
4.0k    ./etc/runlevels/nonetwork
4.0k    ./etc/runlevels/single
20k     ./etc/runlevels
304k    ./etc
920k    ./sbin
4.4M    ./usr/bin
148k    ./usr/lib/python2.2/site-packages
120k    ./usr/lib/python2.2/lib-old
304k    ./usr/lib/python2.2/lib-tk
344k    ./usr/lib/python2.2/test/output
112k    ./usr/lib/python2.2/test/data
2.4M    ./usr/lib/python2.2/test
472k    ./usr/lib/python2.2/encodings
88k     ./usr/lib/python2.2/email
196k    ./usr/lib/python2.2/compiler
20k     ./usr/lib/python2.2/hotshot
232k    ./usr/lib/python2.2/distutils/command
600k    ./usr/lib/python2.2/distutils
56k     ./usr/lib/python2.2/xml/dom
12k     ./usr/lib/python2.2/xml/parsers
68k     ./usr/lib/python2.2/xml/sax
144k    ./usr/lib/python2.2/xml
36k     ./usr/lib/python2.2/curses
40k     ./usr/lib/python2.2/plat-linux2
120k    ./usr/lib/python2.2/config
980k    ./usr/lib/python2.2/lib-dynload
7.8M    ./usr/lib/python2.2
332k    ./usr/lib/portage/bin
7.8M    ./usr/lib/python2.2
332k    ./usr/lib/portage/bin
8.0k    ./usr/lib/portage/lib
344k    ./usr/lib/portage
12k     ./usr/lib/misc
28k     ./usr/lib/find
12k     ./usr/lib/awk
8.0k    ./usr/lib/gcc-lib/i486-pc-linux-gnu/2.95.3/include/asm
8.0k    ./usr/lib/gcc-lib/i486-pc-linux-gnu/2.95.3/include/gnu
180k    ./usr/lib/gcc-lib/i486-pc-linux-gnu/2.95.3/include
2.9M    ./usr/lib/gcc-lib/i486-pc-linux-gnu/2.95.3
2.9M    ./usr/lib/gcc-lib/i486-pc-linux-gnu
2.9M    ./usr/lib/gcc-lib
12M     ./usr/lib
188k    ./usr/sbin
36k     ./usr/include/linux/byteorder
8.0k    ./usr/include/linux/isdn
40k     ./usr/include/linux/lockd
96k     ./usr/include/linux/mtd
184k    ./usr/include/linux/netfilter_ipv4
48k     ./usr/include/linux/netfilter_ipv6
68k     ./usr/include/linux/nfsd
68k     ./usr/include/linux/raid
68k     ./usr/include/linux/sunrpc
4.7M    ./usr/include/linux
636k    ./usr/include/asm
388k    ./usr/include/sys
540k    ./usr/include/bits
16k     ./usr/include/gnu
28k     ./usr/include/scsi
60k     ./usr/include/net
64k     ./usr/include/arpa
92k     ./usr/include/netinet
24k     ./usr/include/protocols
8.0k    ./usr/include/netipx
8.0k    ./usr/include/netash
12k     ./usr/include/netax25
8.0k    ./usr/include/netatalk
8.0k    ./usr/include/netrom
8.0k    ./usr/include/netpacket
8.0k    ./usr/include/netrose
8.0k    ./usr/include/neteconet
120k    ./usr/include/rpc
272k    ./usr/include/rpcsvc
8.0k    ./usr/include/nfs
448k    ./usr/include/python2.2
8.7M    ./usr/include
4.0k    ./usr/src
4.0k    ./usr/portage
4.0k    ./usr/X11R6/include/GL
8.0k    ./usr/X11R6/include
4.0k    ./usr/X11R6/share
4.0k    ./usr/X11R6/lib
4.0k    ./usr/X11R6/man
24k     ./usr/X11R6
4.0k    ./usr/share/man
4.0k    ./usr/share/info
4.0k    ./usr/share/doc
680k    ./usr/share/misc
36k     ./usr/share/bison
8.0k    ./usr/share/terminfo/l
8.0k    ./usr/share/terminfo/x
8.0k    ./usr/share/terminfo/v
28k     ./usr/share/terminfo
20k     ./usr/share/tabset
780k    ./usr/share
4.0k    ./usr/local/games
4.0k    ./usr/local/lib
4.0k    ./usr/local/sbin
4.0k    ./usr/local/share/doc
4.0k    ./usr/local/share/man
12k     ./usr/local/share
4.0k    ./usr/local/bin
4.0k    ./usr/local/src
36k     ./usr/local
1.7M    ./usr/i486-pc-linux-gnu/bin
88k     ./usr/i486-pc-linux-gnu/lib/ldscripts
92k     ./usr/i486-pc-linux-gnu/lib
4.0k    ./usr/i486-pc-linux-gnu/include
1.8M    ./usr/i486-pc-linux-gnu
28M     ./usr
4.0k    ./home
4.0k    ./opt
4.0k    ./root
4.0k    ./proc
4.0k    ./lib/dev-state
2.3M    ./lib
4.0k    ./mnt/floppy
4.0k    ./mnt/cdrom
4.0k    ./mnt/.init.d
16k     ./mnt
4.0k    ./dev/pts
4.0k    ./dev/shm
28k     ./dev
4.0k    ./boot
1.9M    ./bin
34M     .

我本想將所有的檔案列上來,但是實在是太長了,簡單看一下吧!
明眼人一看,應該就知道我再說什麼了。
他沒有 kernel ,連要作開機的工具也沒有。夠扯吧!
一些簡單的工具,還都是 busybox 提供的,
不過重點來了,他可是有個 gcc compile 還有 python
34M大部份都被這兩個給吃掉了。

  Code listing 17
# chroot /mnt/gentoo /bin/bash
# env-update
Regenerating /etc/ld.so.cache...
# source /etc/profile

chroot 到硬碟上,OK! 如果你要說可以 chroot 這樣也算是小系統。
那我也認了。:-) 算了這樣也算了。
設定一下環境,ldconfig 以及 path 等 shell 會用到的環境參數

  10.Rsync
  Code listing 18
  # emerge rsync
嘿嘿!遠端抓檔案了喔 rsync 資料回來了。抓 bin 執行檔??
他去抓整個 portge 的 source tree 的 path。
怎麼樣,像不像 posts 啊!還真的很像。cvsup 嘿嘿

  11.Progressing from stage1 to stage2
到現在你終於完成第一階段了,來來來還有第二階段喔

  Code listing 19
  # nano -w /etc/make.conf (Adjust these settings)
這個檔案就是 Gentoo 效能的魔力檔案,他用來設定你
CFLAGS CXFLAGS 的參數

檔案檢列如下

GENTOO_MIRRORS="http://www.ibiblio.org/gentoo"
#SYNC="cvs://:pserver:anonymous@gentoo.org:/home/anoncvs"

 Uncomment to use Lukemftp for download
# you need to merge lukemftp first!
#FETCHCOMMAND='/usr/bin/lukemftp -s -a -o ${DISTDIR}/${FILE} ${URI}'
#RESUMECOMMAND='/usr/bin/lukemftp -s -a -R -o ${DISTDIR}/${FILE} ${URI}'

# Uncomment if you wanna use Prozilla for download
# you need to merge prozilla first!
#FETCHCOMMAND='/usr/bin/proz --no-getch -s ${URI} -P ${DISTDIR}'

# Pentium Pro/Pentium II/Pentium III+/Pentium 4/Athlon optimized (but binaries
# will run on any x86 system)
#CHOST="i686-pc-linux-gnu"
#CFLAGS="-mcpu=i686 -O3 -pipe"
#CXXFLAGS="-mcpu=i686 -O3 -pipe"
# Pentium Pro/Pentium II/Pentium III+/Pentium 4/Athlon exclusive (binaries
# will use the P6 instruction set and only run on P6+ systems)
CHOST="i686-pc-linux-gnu"
CFLAGS="-march=i686 -O3 -pipe"
CXXFLAGS="-march=i686 -O3 -pipe"

# Pentium/Pentium MMX+ exclusive (requires a Pentium Classic or K6 or beyond)
#CHOST="i586-pc-linux-gnu"
#CFLAGS="-march=i586 -O3 -pipe"
#CXXFLAGS="-march=i586 -O3 -pipe"

# PowerPC exclusive (requires a PPC)
#CHOST="powerpc-unknown-linux-gnu"
#CFLAGS="-O2 -pipe"
#CXXFLAGS="-O2 -pipe"

怕太長了挑幾個重點 show 一下,mirror site 位置
cvs 的位置,抓檔用什麼工具抓,沒設定預設用 wget

還有 compile MAGIC 參數!!!!!!! 還滿多平台的

  Code listing 20
# cd /usr/portage
# scripts/bootstrap.sh
剛剛我有 rsync 抓 portage 所以現在這有資料了
這個 scripts 就是我剛剛前幾封 post 說的 gcc compile gcc 的動作
i486-gcc compile static binutils
i486-gcc compile static i686-gcc
static i686-gcc compile glibc <-- 我 build 到這裡應該有一半了吧,
                                 的時候應該已經過了六個小時了
static i686-gcc compile shard i686-gcc

其實他還有 compile 一些檔案,但是我沒看清楚,映像中有 getext 等工具
有興趣的人自己去看

  Code listing 22
# export CONFIG_PROTECT=""
# emerge --pretend system
       [lists the packages to be installed]
# emerge system
check 一下你還有那些工具要 compile <-- 請注意,是 compile 而不是安裝 bin code。
emerge system 好吧抓檔案了開始 make 吧!!!!
.
...
.... 然後就是漫長的等待!!!!!!! 等這個 make 完大概已經 過了 10 小時了。

請注意!!!我們還沒有 kernel 耶!!!!!!
連 lilo 都還沒作。

再接再厲!!

  13.Final steps: timezone
  Code listing 23
  # ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/path/to/timezonefile /etc/localtime
glibc 有了可以設定時區了<- 稿不好這時候才有 ln 這個工具也說不一定 :-)
link 亞洲台北

  14.Final steps: kernel and system logger
  Code listing 24
  # emerge sys-kernel/gentoo-sources
抓 kernel source 回來酷吧! 全身上下全部都用 make 的。
你說夠不夠變態!! 真是完美的變態

  Code listing 25
# cd /usr/src/linux
# make menuconfig
# make dep && make clean bzImage modules modules_install
# mv /boot/bzImage /boot/bzImage.orig [if bzImage already exists]
# cp /usr/src/linux/arch/i386/boot/bzImage /boot

不用講了吧 make kernel 啦
make menuconfig <-- 我小時候曾經 build ncouse lib 我記得這是很辛苦的一件事
不要想說他會幫你選好,自己好好選吧..可別偷懶到時候沒辦法開機,你就去哭吧
不過還好有救援光碟。不過還是好好選。既然是自己選 cpu 型號就要對喔
網路,硬碟,檔案系統。不要選 devfs <-- 千萬
他只有在安裝時才用這個。實際上應該是沒有。算啦老實一點
就是我對 devfs 沒把握。所以我沒選。但是我現在可是安裝成功了喔 ... 嘿嘿嘿嘿

  Code listing 26
# emerge sys-apps/sysklogd
# rc-update add sysklogd default
or
# emerge app-admin/syslog-ng
# rc-update add syslog-ng default
or
# emerge app-admin/metalog
# rc-update add metalog default

裝 syslog 挑一個作吧..我選 sysklog <--因為我認識他..嘿嘿

  Code listing 27
# emerge sys-apps/dcron
# crontab /etc/crontab
or
# emerge sys-apps/fcron
# crontab /etc/crontab
or
# emerge sys-apps/vcron
crontab 也挑一個來作吧.. 我還是第一次知道有這麼多 cron
管他我挑 dcron.

  using XFS, you should emerge the xfsprogs ebuild:

  Code listing 28
  # emerge sys-apps/xfsprogs

  If you're using LVM, you should emerge the lvm-user ebuild:

  Code listing 29
  # emerge --usepkg sys-apps/lvm-user

這兩個對我沒用..我沒作


 16.Final steps: /etc/fstab
好像從 13 就是 Final steps <-- 他媽的
好像被媽媽騙著走,快到了快到了

  Code listing 30

# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# noatime turns of atimes for increased performance (atimes normally aren't
# needed; notail increases performance of ReiserFS (at the expense of storage
# efficiency).  It's safe to drop the noatime options if you want and to
# switch between notail and tail freely.

#                            

# NOTE: If your BOOT partition is ReiserFS, add the notail option to opts.

/dev/BOOT           /boot       ext2     noauto,noatime  1 2
/dev/ROOT           /           ext3     noatime         0 1
/dev/cdroms/cdrom0  /mnt/cdrom  iso9660  noauto,ro       0 0
proc                /proc       proc     defaults        0 0

沒錯!!自己用 nano 改! 帥吧!!!

  Final steps: set the root password
媽媽還有多遠才會到阿??? 快了快了......
  Before you forget, set the root password by typing:

  Code listing 31
  # passwd
別忘記幫 root 改個密碼吧...沒改可是進不去


  Final steps: /etc/hostname
媽媽人家我好累! 快到了快到了喝口水就到了!!

  Edit this file so that it contains your fully-qualified domain name on
  a single line, i.e. mymachine.mydomain.com.
幫你自己的機器取個名字吧...
nano /etc/hostname 寫下你機器的名字吧。寶貝
其實還滿慶幸的他不是用 VI , nano 跟 emacse 有點像,賺到了。
Vi vim 派的改學 emacse 吧.. 不要再受 billy joy 毒害了。


  Final steps: /etc/hosts
媽媽你騙我怎麼還沒到?? 好啦好啦快了快了
  This file contains a list of ip addresses and their associated
  hostnames. It's used by the system to resolve the IP addresses of any
  hostnames that may not be in your nameservers. Here's a template for
  this file:

  Code listing 32
127.0.0.1      localhost
# the next line contains your IP for your local LAN, and your associated machin
e name
192.168.1.1    mymachine.mydomain.com   mymachine
把自己機器的資料加進來吧...

  Final network configuration
媽媽怎麼還沒到?? 這個弄一弄待會就有車車坐了!!
  Add the names of any modules that are necessary for the proper
  functioning of your system to /etc/modules.autoload file (you can also
  add any options you need to the same line.) When Gentoo Linux boots,
  these modules will be automatically loaded. Of particular importance
  is your ethernet card module, if you happened to compile it as a
  module:

  Code listing 33: /etc/modules.autoload
  3c59x
這個檔案用來自動 load modules 的.跟 debian 作法一樣.檔名不同罷了。
靠!自己編的當然就 build 死在 kernel 啦!我還在那傻勒!要就變態到極致。

  Edit the /etc/conf.d/net script to get your network configured for
  your first boot:

  Code listing 34
# nano -w /etc/conf.d/net
# rc-update add net.eth0 default

人客看一下吧,這到底像 FreeBSD 還是像 Slawkware
我覺得比較像 BSD

# Copyright 1999-2002 Gentoo Technologies, Inc.
# Distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License, v2 or later
# $Header: /home/cvsroot/gentoo-src/rc-scripts/etc/conf.d/net,v 1.4 2002/05/12 21:48:18 azarah Exp $

# This is basically the ifconfig argument without the ifconfig $iface
#
iface_eth0="192.168.23.33 broadcast 192.168.23.255 netmask 255.255.252.0"
#iface_eth1="207.170.82.202 broadcast 207.0.255.255 netmask 255.255.0.0"


怎樣一樣吧!!!漂亮

# For DHCP set iface_eth? to "dhcp"
# For passing options to dhcpcd use dhcpcd_eth?
#
#iface_eth0="dhcp"
#dhcpcd_eth0="..."

# For adding aliases to a interface
#
#alias_eth0="192.168.0.3 192.168.0.4"

# NB:  The next is only used for aliases.
#
# To add a custom netmask/broadcast address to created aliases,
# uncomment and change accordingly.
#
#broadcast_eth0="192.168.0.255"
#netmask_eth0="255.255.255.0"


# For setting the default gateway
#
gateway="eth0/192.168.23.26"
帥呆了!!


  Code listing 35: Multiple network interfaces
# cd /etc/init.d
# cp net.eth0 net.ethx
# rc-update add net.ethx default
沒細查,看起來應該是設定 runlevel 用的 rc-update
沒錯,是 runlevel script..

  If you have a PCMCIA card installed, have a quick look into
  /etc/init.d/pcmcia to verify that things seem all right for your
  setup, then add

  Code listing 36
depend() {
       need pcmcia
}
PCMCIA 閃一邊!不關我事。

  Code listing 37: basic configuration
  # nano -w /etc/rc.conf
酷了吧!酷了吧!酷了吧!
rc.conf 耶!!!!!!!
映像中好像 Slackware 好像也是同樣的作法,年代太久了記不清楚了!
FreeBSD 我可以確定是這樣作的
對喔!! Slackware 是 BSD SYSV 各半。這個 Gentoo 也是!!

# Copyright 1999-2001 Gentoo Technologies, Inc.
# Distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License, v2 or later
# Author: Daniel Robbins 
# $Header: /home/cvsroot/gentoo-src/rc-scripts/etc/rc.conf,v 1.10 2002/04/28 08:18:00 azarah Exp $
# /etc/rc.conf: Global startup script configuration settings

# Use KEYMAP to specify the default console keymap.  There is a complete tree
# of keymaps in /usr/share/keymaps to choose from.  This setting is used by the
# /etc/init.d/keymaps script.

KEYMAP="us"

# CONSOLEFONT specifies the default font that you'd like Linux to use on the
# console.  You can find a good selection of fonts in /usr/share/consolefonts;
# you shouldn't specify the trailing ".psf.gz", just the font name below.
# To use the default console font, comment out the CONSOLEFONT setting below.
# This setting is used by the /etc/init.d/consolefont script (NOTE: if you do
# not want to use it, run "rc-update del consolefont" as root).

CONSOLEFONT="default8x16"

# CONSOLETRANSALTION is the charset map file to use.  Leave commented to use
# the default one.  Have a look in /usr/share/consoletrans for a selection of
# map files you can use.

#CONSOLETRANSLATION="8859-1_to_uni"

# Set CLOCK to "UTC" if your system clock is set to UTC (also known as
# Greenwich Mean Time).  If your clock is set to the local time, then set CLOCK
# to "local".  This setting is used by the /etc/init.d/clock script.

CLOCK="UTC"

# Set protocols to the protocols that you plan to use.  Gentoo Linux will only
# enable module auto-loading for these protocols, eliminating annoying module
# not found errors.
# Num   Protocol
# 1:    Unix
# 2:    IPv4
# 3:    Amateur Radio AX.25
# 4:    IPX
# 5:    DDP / appletalk
# 6:    Amateur Radio NET/ROM
# 9:    X.25
# 10:   IPv6
# 11:   ROSE / Amateur Radio X.25 PLP
# 19:   Acorn Econet

# Most users want this:
PROTOCOLS="1 2"

#For IPv6 support:
#PROTOCOLS="1 2 10"

# What display manager do you use ?  [ xdm | gdm | kdm ]
#DISPLAYMANAGER=xdm

# XSESSION is a new variable to control what window manager to start
# default with X if run with xdm, startx or xinit.  The default behavior
# is to look in /etc/X11/Sessions/ and run the script in matching the
# value that XSESSION is set to.  The support scripts is smart enouth to
# look in all bin directories if it cant find a match in /etc/X11/Sessions/,
# so setting it to "enligtenment" can also work.  This is basically used
# as a way for the system admin to configure a default system wide WM,
# allthough it will work if the user export XSESSION in his .bash_profile, etc.
#
# NOTE: this behaviour is overridden when a ~/.xinitrc or ~/.xsession exists
#       for the particular program run ( ~/.xinitrc for startx, ... ).
#
# Defaults depending on what you install currently include:
#
# Gnome - will start gnome-session
# KDE - will start startkde
# Xsession - will start a terminal and a few other nice apps

#XSESSION=Gnome

  Final steps: configure GRUB
媽媽到了沒啦!我的手沒力氣了!!!  來來來你看你看 GRUB 外婆家不就在那邊嗎
媽媽怎麼不是 LILO 奶奶.. GRUB 婆婆是誰阿??? 我們為什麼要來 GRUB 婆婆家阿!!好遠喔!
GRUB 婆婆比較漂亮阿! LILO 奶奶也很可愛阿! GRUB 婆婆家比較漂亮,反正過來玩玩看嗎?

喔!!! 怎麼辦沒用過耶,算了反正還有救援光碟。GRUB 婆婆我來了。

  Code listing 38
  # grub

  You'll be presented with the grub> grub command-line prompt. Now, you
  need to type in the right commands to install the GRUB boot record
  onto your hard drive. In my example configuration, I want to install
  the GRUB boot record on my hard drive's MBR (master boot record), so
  that the first thing I see when I turn on the computer is the GRUB
  prompt. In my case, the commands I want to type are:

nano -w /boot/grub/menu.lst
  Code listing 39
grub> root (hd0,0)
grub> setup (hd0)
grub> quit

  Code listing 40
default 0
timeout 30
splashimage=(hd0,0)/boot/grub/splash.xpm.gz

title=My example Gentoo Linux
root (hd0,0)
kernel /boot/bzImage root=/dev/hda3

# Below needed only for people who dual-boot
title=Windows NT Workstation
root (hd0,5)
chainloader +1

不要問我..我照著打罷了。我也看不懂,反正 LILO 奶奶也蠻能幹的。管他,不喜歡換回來。

  17.Installation complete!
媽的!怎麼還有。
  Code listing 41
# exit
// This exits the chrooted shell; you can also type ^D
# cd /
# umount /mnt/gentoo/boot
# umount /mnt/gentoo/proc
# umount /mnt/gentoo
# reboot
退出 chroot , umount 所有的 partation . 重開機!!!

== 完 ==

不沒完!!
我的 GRUB 看來設定錯了,不過還好 GRUB 認得 file system
可以直接用檔名 load 進來開機。
哇靠!!抄 FreeBSD 也不用抄這麼像吧...

做完這些後你就有個自己 make 的系統!!全新的!!是金色的!!!
總共 約 /usr <-- 571M / <-- 53M

我做完 的時間大約是 (16:27)
OK! 現在是 (18:10)
我大概是在今天早上 (01:00) 或 (0:10)十幾分開始的吧!!
我有 24-9+18=33 個小時沒睡覺了!!
安裝過程大約花了 15 個小時。時間不重要!!

重要的是我看見了一場很精彩的表演!! 真的這真的很精彩
這就很像我們在蓋大樓不是都會有在建築物上的高樓起重機嗎?
他會隨著樓層長高,三層三層爬高,到最後建築物蓋好了,高樓起重機
要能夠自身拆卸,並一部份一部份卸下來。這是有順序以及流程的。真是工藝上的結晶。

我收回我前幾封說的我會找時間用 debian 裝 starge1.tgbz2。
這部份交給其他網路上的英雄豪傑去試吧!

請原諒我... 謝謝 ..好累
因為以目前這樣的環境要到 X <--- 還好遠好遠好遠喔....
我的機器又好慢好慢喔...

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